The words 'Myanmar Pyi' on a stone inscription dated 597 ME (Myanmar Era) or 1235 CE. From the reign of Kya Swar,[ (1234-1250 son of King Htilo Minlo (Nadaung Myar), Bagan) ]. It is known as the Yadana Kon Htan Inscription written in early Bama (Burmese) script is at present in Bagan in the collection of the Archaeological Department, stone number 43. The front side of this 3ft-high stone is damaged in the middle section. The reverse side, better protected from the elements, has the two words 'Myanmar Pyay' which means Myanmar Country on the first line of the inscription. The 'na' letter accent of the sound of 'an' of the first syllable 'Myan' is written in the old script that has been disused for some centuries. Other letters of many words are also in the shape of old script. This is the earliest written record of the name of the country. The date of the inscription as read by scholars is 597 of the Myanmar Era, and equivalent to 1235 of the Roman calendar, a fact that testifies beyond doubt that Myanmar is an Ancient name we are still using to this day. Even during the British colonial era and after when the English name Burma (given by the British) was used by the world as well as the various governments of the country, the official name in the local language has always been Myanmar.
To the unspoilt beauty of nature and the charm of friendly open people. A country with a civilization that reaches back to the 2nd Century BC, it retains its rich traditions and cultures of its many indigenous races with pride and honor. There are seven main groups, the Bama, Kachin, Shan, Kayin, Rakhine, Mon, Chin, and many more sub-groups of Lisu, Pa O, Naga etc., making a total of 135 different races. Called the land of pagodas because of the hundreds of thousands of temples and spires that dot the landscape, in towns or wild forests, the peaceful philosophy of Buddhism makes the people tolerant and hospitable. Although there are followers of other religions they all live in harmony with each other. Rich in natural resources, Myanmar is famed throughout the world for its rubies, sapphires and imperial jade of highest quality, found in abundance from the mines of the north and north east. Learn more about this land of ancient traditions and people who are happy to welcome you. There are remote valleys and mountains to explore, a wealth of culture to experience, and an unending array of delicious food to taste. There are old and new cities with hundreds of temples and ruins. The traditions may be old but the accommodations are new and luxurious or comfortable and affordable. There are white sand beaches with 5 star hotels, and a luxury golf course designed by renowned Gary Player in Yangon. The Land from which (2) distinguished icons namely the late UN Secretary General U Thant and Democracy leader Daw Aung San Su Kyi emerged.